Mass Cloud Provider Shutdown: Lessons Learned

No explanation given for the sudden provider shutdown. Customers suspect an exit scam.

Source: ZDnet
Mass Provider Shutdown

At least 20 web hosting providers have hastily notified customers last Saturday, December 7, that they planned to shut down on Monday, December 9, giving their clients two days to download data from their accounts before servers are shut down and wiped clean.

The list of providers that notified customers about their impending shutdown includes:

Bigfoot Servers

All the services listed above offer cheap low-end virtual private servers (VPSes).

Furthermore, all the websites feature a similar page structure, share large chunks of text, use the same CAPTCHA technology, and have notified customers using the same email template.

TCN Hosting Shutdown Message
Image: merce
Strong Hosting Shutdown Message
Image: webpromo
Megazone Hosting Shutdown Message
Image: Bad Packets
Bigfoot Servers Shutdown Message
Image: ZDNet

All clues point to the fact that all 20 websites are part of an affiliate scheme or a multi-brand business ran by the same entity.


The initial reaction on bulletin boards dedicated to discussing web hosting topics was that someone might be sabotaging the company behind all these VPS providers by sending spoofed emails and hoping that customers jump ship.

This proved to be false. In the hours after they received the notifications, several users confirmed the email’s legitimacy by analyzing email headers, confirmed the shutdown with the support staff at their respective VPS provider, and found a copy of the same message in their web hosting dashboards.

Since then, customers have shifted from surprise to anger. Some said inquiries about refunds remained unanswered.

Those who didn’t lose too much money quickly realized they were set to work the weekend, as they had to download all their data and find a new provider, in order to avoid a prolonged downtime on Monday, when the 20 providers are set to shut off servers.


Online, the phrase “exit scam” is now being mentioned in several places [123]. Many believe the company behind all these VPS providers is running away with the money it made in Black Friday and Cyber Monday deals, without providing any service.

Paranoia and fear of a scam are high, and for good reasons. As several users have pointed out, the VPS providers don’t list physical addresses, don’t list proper business registration information, and have no references to their ownership. Effectively, they look like ghost companies.

Requests for comment sent by ZDNet to some of the VPS providers remained unanswered before this article’s publication.

A source in the web hosting industry who wanted to remain anonymous told ZDNet that what happened this weekend is often referred to as “deadpooling” — namely, the practice of setting up a small web hosting company, providing ultra-cheap VPS servers for a few dollars a month, and then shutting down a few months later, without refunding customers.

“This is a systemic issue within the low-end market, we call it deadpooling,” the source told us. “It doesn’t happen often at this scale, however.”

A user who was impacted by his VPS provider’s shutdown also told ZDNet that the number of VPS providers going down is most likely higher than 20, as not all customers might have shared the email notification online, with others.

Another source in the web hosting industry also pointed out that a search for an IP address used by one of the soon-to-close VPS providers shows it has also been used by other companies that provide cheap VPS hosting services — which are also using websites with a similar structure and templates as some of the services shutting down this weekend.

We’ll most likely find out the extent of the sudden shutdown from Monday going forward, as customers who didn’t see the email in time will find their websites or application backends inaccessible and will come forward online to expose other low-end VPS providers that we don’t know about yet.

(h/t Bad Packets)
Source: ZDnet


It is only natural for a prospective client to be attracted by the cheapest available offering, whether it’s about apparel or cloud hosting services. Minimizing costs means that more resources will be available at the end of the day to be utilized in a more efficient manner.

But is “Cheap” the same as “Minimizing Cost”? When it comes to Cloud Hosting, probably never. The mass provider shutdown will convince you.

How Can a Cloud Hosting Provider Go Cheap?

  • Cheap Hardware: Many Cloud Hosting providers build low-cost IT infrastructures while striving to keep cost low and generate increased profit margins. Choosing old hardware and non-enterprise-grade hardware are two usual ways through which providers lower costs. However, you guessed it, cheap hardware “pops” faster, decreasing overall uptime records and reliability.
  • Low-Cost Data Centers: Numerous cloud hosting providers prefer to deploy their servers in low-cost Data Centers. This way, they decrease monthly costs and can lower prices. However, in the same time they expose their clients to a plethora of high-risk factors that typically affect reliability. Such factors are non-existent redundancy in the power and network level, decreased security control and non-optimal environmental conditions that further drecrease hardware lifespans.
  • Discontinuous Support: Clients will always have to face technical issues every now and then or proceed with simple or complicated requests towards the cloud provider’s Technical Support Department. A very easy way to cut costs is to simply not hire enough IT engineers to staff the Technical Support Department. It is very easy for a cloud hosting provider to seemingly provide 24/7 support, but this is different than providing it in effect. Some providers even guarantee response times of minutes, but the response comes from a bot and resolution can take hours, even days.
  • Bad-Deal SLAs: Maybe it is easy to spot dangerously cheap cloud hosting providers by having a look at their Service Level Agreement (SLA). Such providers are typically aware of the fact that sooner or later they’ll have to compensate their clients for bad service. Naturally, they won’t go ahead with guaranteeing increased Uptime SLAs and they won’t provide sufficient compensation. High quality cloud hosting providers typically offer 100% Uptime SLAs. For example, MassiveGRID provides a complete 100% Uptime SLA, including the Hardware, Power, Network and Storage levels. Also, in the event of downtime we compensate our clients with 1000% of the affected service’s value for the duration of downtime. This is a direct result of the assurance of our High Availability Infrastructure.

Eventually, the longer a client utilizes a cheap cloud hosting service, the more disrupting events s/he is called to deal with (or pay for). This leads to being in need of increased financial and human resources, to the point it could render the business model unsustainable.